Tainos had been in habitants of the Dominican Republic since the 7th century. It was not until Christopher Columbus came in 1492 that everything began to change. Dominican Republic was the site of the first European settlement in the Americas. Spain named the capital Santo Domingo and that became the capital of the Dominican Republic and it became Spain's first capital in the 'New Word'. When the Europeans initially came into the Island both the Tainos and Europeans were on friendly terms, but that is when all the bloodshed took place. It is said that the Tainos ranged from having three hundred thousand to two million people but as years passed that number greatly dropped to about 21,000. The reason for such the dramatic decrease in numbers was not just because of the fighting between the Tainos and Europeans; it was because of the fact that when the Europeans came they had brought diseases such as small pox, measles, and others. The decrease in numbers is what led to the Europeans conquering the Dominican Republic.