October 21, 2012
There are many different disorders that have a variety of symptoms, causes, and treatments. This paper will cover five different case studies in which these individuals will all have a different disorder. The disorders covered will be schizoid personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, somatoform disorder, dissociative disorder, and schizophrenia. After evaluating each case study a disorder will be diagnosis to the patient then causes and possible treatments will be covered.
Case Study One
The first case study involves a woman named Josephine, who is forty-seven years old. She finds it difficult to enjoy herself, lacks emotions, and remains detached. She cannot seem to hold a job, due to her inability to interact with people. Josephine also has no long standing friendships or relationships in her life.
The correct diagnosis for Josephine would be schizoid personality disorder. Schizoid personality disorder occurs when a person shows little emotion and avoids and are removed from social relationships (Comer, 2005). Some symptoms of this disorder include, but are not limited to: takes pleasure in few, if any, activities, lacks close friends, shows emotional coldness, or detachment, and almost always chooses solitary activities (Schizoid Personality Disorder, 2012). Since Josephine displays almost all the symptoms her diagnosis would fit.
The exact cause of this disorder is not yet discovered, however an individual's environment and genetics are believed to play a role in the development of this disorder (Personality Disorders, 2012). Some doctors believe that a child who grows up in a household that lacks emotions is more prone to this disorder. They have also linked cases of individuals who have relatives who have been diagnosis with schizophrenia, to having this personality disorder, hence the genetic aspect (Schizoid Personality Disorder, 2012).
The best treatment option for Josephine would be psychotherapy, which is a form of counseling. This counseling will include ways of bettering Josephine as a person. She will learn coping skills, self-esteem building skills, how to interact with people, and social skills. Medication is not often recommended for this type of disorder, unless the patient is depressed. Most patients do not even seek treatment for this disorder; because they do not believe it causes them any distress (Schizoid Personality Disorder, 2012).
Case Study Two