Issue: Eradicating poverty in landlocked countries
Student Officer: Mohsen Aziz Pouri Aghdam
Position: Deputy Chair
Despite remarkable progress achieved since the Second World War, especially in parts of Asia, abject poverty remains widespread in many parts of the world and figures continue to grow to current 1.4 billion people living in poverty. Poverty is the principal cause of hunger and undernourishment and leads to children dying painful deaths in some of the poorest villages on earth. Poverty is not simply a lack of adequate income. It is a multidimensional phenomenon that extends beyond the economic arena to encompass factors such as the inability to participate in social and political life. In short, poverty is the deprivation of one's ability to live as a free and dignified human being with the full potential to achieve one's desired goals in life
In Copenhagen, the World Summit for Social Development identified poverty eradication as one of the three pillars of social development and has since become the overarching objective of development, as reflected in the Millennium Development Goals, which set the target of halving global extreme poverty by 2015.
Extreme poverty rates have been seen in landlocked countries due to their geographical position and relief. Landlocked countries are denied the right of water bodies, which is a very vital and useful resource for any nation's economic development. Water also boosts the country's commercial growth and lack of water in any nation can render its trade and economy to a very low level of progress. A good example would be the difficulties faced in trading, where they are urged to travel thousands of kilometers just to access the closest maritime ports to export and import goods. In addition, LLDCs are amongst the poorest developing countries due to all the struggles they confront, such as weak institutional and productive capacities, small domestic markets and high vulnerability to external shocks poor physical infrastructure and remoteness from world markets.
Definition of Key Terms
A landlocked country is a country entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas. There are 47 landlocked countries in the world, including partially recognized states. Of the major landmasses, only North America and Australia do not have a landlocked country inside their respective continents.
Many countries also have constricted access to the sea. If a country's only coastline is on a sea that is almost landlocked, such as the Baltic Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea, this may allow ocean access to be easily blocked.
Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC)