1. Ethics - the discipline that examines one's moral standards or the moral standards of a society to evaluate their reasonableness and their implications for one's life.
The study of morality's effect on conduct: the study of moral standards and how they affect conduct. A definition would be a person's ability to know right from wrong.
2. Business ethics - A specialized study of moral right and wrong that concentrates on moral standards as they apply to business institutions, organizations, and behavior. Business ethics is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment.
3. Preconventional morality - The child can apply the labels good, bad, right, and wrong. This is the first level of the stages of moral reasoning. In this stage, a person decides whether or not they will choose to do an action based on those actions consequences.
4. Conventional morality - in this stage, a person sees moral right and wrong in terms of living up to the conventional norms of his or her family, peer group, or society. In this stage, a person makes a decision based on an accumulation of morals, what people might think or expect of them, and the norms of the groups around them.
5. Autonomous mortality - a moral system based on the concept of the independence of moral principles and demands from any conditions, interests, and goals external to morality as such. The ability of a person to make their own decision about something without any outside influence from moral principles, demands from a condition, interests, goals, etc..
6. Moral reasoning - the reasoning process by which human behaviors, institutions, or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards. The ability for a person to reason with themselves about the morality of a behavior or a policy, and whether that action, behavior, or policy is in agreement with their morals. A definition for moral reasoning that would not be appropriate for this class would be the ability to reason about whether something is moral or not moral.