Name : kamlesh naik
Roll No : 11201021
Date : 08.08.2011
Case facts: -
This case is of Ghatol block which is one of the 8 blocks of Bhanswada district and also about suggesting a proper compensation mechanism which could be implemented for all 8 blocks of Bhanswada district. Shri Bhandari is BDO of Ghatol block.
Traditionally people of this village depend on conventional water which have been very unreliable so the Public Health Department installed hand pumps. At first Government department went on constructing tube wells and installing hand pumps thus within a couple of years due to lack of focus on maintenance more than 80% of them had become in-operative. As a result the Government started to focus on repair and maintenance of hand pumps.
A three-tier system was introduced by UNICEF for maintaining the hand pumps which was being approved by technocrats of all the state governments.
Detail of how a three tier system works are as follows: -
First Tier Second Tier Third Tier
Consist of a village level hand pump care taker who is trained and is also given some spanners to keep nuts and bolts of hand pumps tight.
A block-level inspector cum mechanic from Public Health Department who regularly checks 50 hand pumps and carries out minor repairs above ground, if any. A district mobile maintenance team consisting of 5 men (driver, mechanic, two helpers and a mason) (one for every 500/600 hand pumps) under a junior engineer attends to all major problems.
Above mentioned system was installed by all states except for Rajasthan. Government of Rajasthan did not install this system and came out with a different idea of Hand Pump Mistries (HPM). Under this scheme rural youths from economically poor backgrounds with mechanical aptitude were identified and they were trained under a scheme called TRYSEM. Main idea behind the concept of HPM was to hand over the repair and maintenance to community and at the same time reduce governments expenditure. There were around 940 hand pumps in the 222 villages of Ghatol block which were allotted to 24 hand pump mistries. Compensation of Rs 200 was paid to HPM's out of which Rs.132 was service charge and Rs.68 was for spare parts. Every month mistry had to submit a certificate verifying satisfactory performance of his hand pumps in order to claim monthly service charge. Major benefit of this scheme was that it reduced the cost of maintenance and at the same time it also provides employment to rural youth and also helps in quick repair of the pumps as mistries were allotted hand pumps which were not too far from the place they lived.